5g + MEC + v2x Internet of vehicles solution white paper

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5g mec v2x internet vehicles

 

5G+MEC+V2X Internet of vehicles solutions white paper

  • 5G+MEC+V2X Internet of vehicles solutions white paper
  • 1. V2X And 5G The trend of integration
    • 1.1 Internet of vehicles in China V2X Current situation of the development of
    • 1.2 5G Network characteristics and China's development status
      • 1.2.1 5G Network features
      • 1.2.2 5G Network architecture
    • 1.3 V2X And 5G Network convergence trend
  • 2. 5G+MEC+V2X Cloud solutions for the network of vehicles and the road network of people and vehicles
    • 2.1 Scheme structure
    • 2.2 Advantages and value of the scheme
      • 2.2.1 Program advantages
        • ( One ) Time delay
        • ( Two ) Security
        • ( 3、 ... and ) Extensibility
        • ( Four ) reliability
        • ( 5、 ... and ) economy
      • 2.2.2. Application value
    • 2.3. Typical deployment scheme of roadside equipment
      • ( One ) Typical deployment scenarios at intersections
      • ( Two ) Typical deployment scheme of T-junction
      • ( 3、 ... and ) Typical deployment scheme of straight section
    • 2.4 The scheme supports application
      • 2.4.1 End consumer oriented applications
      • 2.4.2 For enterprise applications
        • ( One ) Emergency management platform docking
        • ( Two ) High precision map acquisition
        • ( 3、 ... and ) Commercial insurance platform docking
      • 2.4.3 For government applications
  • 3. Commercial path analysis of Internet of vehicles
    • 3.1 Growth analysis of Internet of vehicles
      • ( One ) Industry growth analogy
      • ( Two ) Development trend of automobile industry
      • ( 3、 ... and ) Intelligent development trend of road
      • ( Four ) Analysis of the industrial chain of the Internet of vehicles
      • ( 5、 ... and ) Analysis on the development trend of Internet of vehicles
    • 3.2. Investment income analysis of Internet of vehicles
    • 3.3. Forecast for the follow-up development of the Internet of vehicles
      • ( One ) The foundation is laid regularly
      • ( Two ) Collaborative development period
      • ( 3、 ... and ) Industrial cultivation period
    • 3.4 Internet of vehicles business model
  • 4. Internet of vehicles industry outlook
  • List of abbreviations

 

5G+MEC+V2X Internet of vehicles solutions white paper

originate :5G+MEC+V2X Internet of vehicles solutions white paper

1. V2X And 5G The trend of integration

1.1 Internet of vehicles in China V2X Current situation of the development of

Vehicle wireless communication technology (Vehicle to Everything,V2X), Is to achieve car to car (V2V)、 Car and road (V2I)、 Cars and people (V2P)、 Car and net (V2N) Connected next generation information and communication technology .V2X By putting people 、 vehicle 、 road 、 Cloud and other traffic participation elements are organically linked , Build an intelligent transportation system .

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at present , China has raised the Internet of vehicles industry to the national strategic level , Industrial policy continues to be positive , The construction of urban vehicle networking presents a trend from point to area , Gradually cover the whole country 50 More than one city . The construction content mainly includes “ simulation experiment + Closed test site + Semi open roads + Open the way ” Four level architecture . The construction path is generally “ Small scale pilot demonstration - Scale pilot demonstration - Local area full coverage - The whole city covers ” Four stages .

The industrialization of China's Internet of vehicles has gradually accelerated , around C-V2X Formation includes Communication chip 、 Communication module 、 Terminal equipment 、 Vehicle manufacturing 、 Operational services 、 Test certification 、 Complete industrial chain ecology such as high-precision positioning and map service . For advancement C-V2X The industry will be launched as soon as possible , The State Council 、 Ministry of industry and information technology 、 Ministry of transport 、 National Development and Reform Commission and other relevant units actively cooperate with local governments , It has successively supported the construction of 16 An intelligent networked vehicle test demonstration area ; The Ministry of industry and information technology actively promotes the construction of national vehicle networking pilot area , It has been approved to support Wuxi 、 tianjin 、 Changsha 、 Chongqing has established a national pilot area ( There are many active declarations ), It has laid the foundation for subsequent large-scale industrialization and commercialization .

C-V2X The application can be divided into two stages: short-term and medium-term .

Recently, through the cooperation of vehicles 、 Vehicle road cooperation to achieve assisted driving , Improve driving safety , Improve traffic efficiency ; And low-speed unmanned driving in specific scenes , Improve production efficiency , cost reduction .

In the medium and long term, it will combine artificial intelligence 、 Big data and other new technologies , Fusion radar 、 Video perception and other technologies , From single vehicle intelligence to network intelligence through the Internet of vehicles , Finally, fully automatic driving .

At present, the mainstream technical scheme of vehicle road coordination in the Internet of vehicles is to collect the data of roadside sensing equipment through wired network , The industrial computer deployed on the roadside is used to process the roadside perceived data . Usually , The single intersection shall be deployed according to the equipment deployment point 1 to 4 A roadside industrial computer . Re pass 4G The network sends the structured data processed by the industrial computer back to the back-end for fusion processing , Depending on the data type, the data return frequency is usually several to dozens of times per second . The cloud control center is located in the Internet at the back end of the core network , The deployment point data of each equipment is returned to the cloud control center through the public network .

The existing wired deployment scheme is not flexible enough , and 4G The large delay of wireless scheme also affects the real-time performance , Therefore, Asia needs new wireless communication technology to upgrade and support .

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1.2 5G Network characteristics and China's development status

1.2.1 5G Network features

according to IMT-2020 Planning in , The new generation of communication technology needs to meet the following three usage scenarios , Include :

eMBB That is to say “ Enhance mobile broadband ”, It refers to higher requirements for mobile network speed , And there are scenarios with wide coverage of mobility guarantee , Including high-speed download 、AR、VR、 HD video and other business types . By directly driving the throughput capacity of mobile networks , Meet the mobile network speed requirements of the above and future business types , Enhance the customer's intuitive experience .

URLLC That is to say “ High reliability and low delay connection ”, For the connection delay, it is necessary to achieve 1ms Level , And support high-speed mobile (500KM/H) High reliability under (99.999%) Application scenarios of . The main application scenarios include automatic driving 、 Industrial control 、 Telemedicine, etc , It can greatly provide automation in related industries 、 Intelligent level , Promote the leapfrog development of enterprises .

mMTC That is to say “ Mass IOT ”, It is insensitive to low data rate and delay , But there are application scenarios with massive connections . In this scenario , The terminal can achieve lower power consumption 、 Smaller volume 、 High and long working life , So you can in the smart city 、 Smart home 、 It is widely used in various vertical industries such as environmental monitoring , So as to finally achieve the interconnection of all things .

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eMBB、URLLC as well as mMTC The importance of each key feature in these three usage scenarios is different . The following figure shows how to use “ high ”、“ in ”、“ low ” The three-step indication scale is described .

stay eMBB Scene , User experience data rate 、 Regional communication capability 、 Peak data rate 、 mobility 、 Efficiency and spectral efficiency are of high importance , However, mobility and user experience data rate are not important in all scenarios at the same time .

stay uRLLC Scene , In order to meet the requirements of safe application , The most important characteristic of low delay system . In some high mobility scenarios ( Like the Internet of vehicles ) This feature is required in , However, in this scenario, the importance of characteristics such as high data rate is relatively low .

stay mMTC Scene , Devices in high connection density networks occasionally transmit 、 Low transmission bit rate 、 Low or no mobility , Low cost equipment with long operating life is very important in this scenario .

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5G Technology to IMT-2020 The determined eight index requirements are the design basis , Fully tap various communication technologies and technologies I Network technology , It can fully meet the needs of three application scenarios .

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1.2.2 5G Network architecture

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5G The scheme still adopts the combination of core network and access network , among 5G Core network through technological innovation , Realize the further separation of core network control function and forwarding function , thus , to 5G The network brings greater flexibility and high efficiency . Interface as 5G Core network control surface and forwarding surface N4 The interface is completely open , It becomes a key step to realize the separation of control surface and forwarding surface .

N4 The interface is open to 5G Enabling industry applications will bring many benefits : One side , Users can customize four required network capabilities to operators , This is very important for vertical industry applications ; On the other hand , Can support 5G Towards distributed networks , And cloud computing 、 The architecture of edge computing further fits , send 5G+ cloud +AI The design is supported by the underlying network technology .

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5G Another technological innovation of the network , Is based on SDN and VNF Network slicing technology is realized , Through network slicing, multiple logical networks are cut off on an independent physical network , This avoids building a dedicated physical network for each service , Significant savings in deployment costs , At the same time, it can also meet the customized needs of users in various industries

stay 2020 year , China's 5G The construction has directly entered the stage of independent networking , By the end of the year , New in China 5G The base station 58 Ten thousand seats , It's up to 71.8 m ,5G The number of connections exceeded 2 Billion , Number one in the world . The Ministry of industry and information technology has announced that 2021 In, China will build another 60 m 5G The base station .5G Large scale deployment of network , Based on 5G A variety of service types of the network provide favorable technical support .

1.3 V2X And 5G Network convergence trend

C-V2X It is the mainstream vehicle wireless communication V2X technology , among C It means honeycomb (Cellular), It's based on 3G/4G/5G Mobile wireless communication technology formed by the evolution of cellular network communication technology , It contains two kinds of communication interface chips, one is the vehicle 、 people 、 Short distance direct communication interface between channels (PC5), The other is the communication interface between the terminal and the base station (Uu), It can realize long-distance and more reliable communication .

The current in V2V、V2I Wait for the scene PC5 The application scenarios of the interface are quite extensive , And in the V2N、I2N Wait for the scene Uu The application of interface is more extensive . Under the current industry ecology LTE-V Is very mature PC5 Interface scheme , And with the 5G Massive deployment of the network ,5GUu The port is waiting for you 、 bandwidth 、 Network architecture and other aspects show great technical advantages , So it will V2X and 5G Deep integration will become the mainstream technical architecture of the Internet of vehicles .

2. 5G+MEC+V2X Cloud solutions for the network of vehicles and the road network of people and vehicles

2.1 Scheme structure

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people - vehicle - road - network - The cloud solution is based on 5G SA New network architecture , Adopt support SA Of 5GUu+PC5 Double connected roadside equipment (5GRSU) And on-board equipment (5G0BU), stay 5G On the base station side 5G Edge cloud platform deployment V2XServer, Give full play to 5G Of Uu The interface has the characteristics of large bandwidth and low delay network , Pass roadside data and vehicle end data through UPF Shunt back to MEC Of V2X Server Perform high-performance fusion operations 、 Decision making , And feed back the results to 5GRSU and 5G0BU, Then use PC5 The interface broadcasts the message to the surrounding vehicle networking terminals , Realization V2X signal communication , Satisfy ITS Required scenario use cases . One MEC Nodes batch process the data of multiple intersections 5GRSU and 5GOBU Side camera 、 radar 、 Signal lights and other data , Through fusion perception AI The algorithm improves the efficiency of data operation and the degree of data fusion , form 5G Web based people - vehicle - road - network - The overall solution of the cloud .

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Pictured above , people - vehicle - road - network - Cloud system architecture , It is mainly composed of the following parts :

1) people / vehicle : Driver or intelligent networked vehicle combined with vehicle machine /0BU adopt PC5 And 5G Network and car 、 road 、 Piece edge cloud realizes communication , To get information about roadsides and other vehicles , The computing power of edge cloud is used to realize the fusion processing of vehicle data and roadside data .

2) roadside :RSU adopt PC5 Interface with vehicle to realize vehicle road communication , And pass 5G The interface will connect the roadside camera 、 Laser radar 、 Millimeter wave radar 、 Signal lamp 、 The sensor data is returned to the edge cloud for fusion sensing decision processing , And feed back the results to roadside equipment to realize equipment control .

image-20210803140945840

3)5G Marginal cloud : Include 5GSA Network of , adopt UPF Shunted to the Internet of vehicles MEC platform , The platform mainly provides access and management capabilities to roadside and vehicle side equipment , Provide remote real-time computing 、 Information acquisition and other capabilities , It is a network pooling computing service . It is usually deployed in the access computer room , Realize the near real-time calculation of network data without network . Car networking MEC Nodes include hardware 、 Platforms and Applications 3 A hierarchy , This system constructs a platform for in-depth customization of Internet of vehicles scenarios MEC Marginal cloud .

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among MEC The underlying hardware of the platform can use Lenovo's various edge servers and servers FPGA/GPU Accelerator card device , Provide computational support , stay IaaS Layer uses carrier grade Kubernetes Cloud Native platform , In addition to Iaas Above this layer is PaaS and MEP Platform and MEPM platform . These modules constitute both flexibility 、 The real time 、 Extended Internet of vehicles application platform base .

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stay MEC The application of Internet of vehicles in the platform is as follows , Includes 5 It's a big part , Include 3 Levels and 22 A basic service , Including high-performance security protection and high real-time service scheduling , Link with vehicle end and roadside equipment through link management module , And support with third parties V2X The system is interconnected .

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4) Central cloud : Mainly the road network operation center , Large scale application and data management system for docking with multiple edge clouds and external systems , Provide management of non real-time classes 、 Analysis and decision-making functions , It generally includes the following parts :

  • Interface :MEC GW、 Cloud control API、API GW Respectively with the edge cloud 、 Interfaces with third-party systems such as cloud control center .

  • General logic : It is mainly the processing of general data , Including data storage 、 analysis 、 Security conflict detection and decision system , Including the management of upper level services , Ensure that the service can be authorized to use .

  • Business services : Business services that can be continuously expanded according to user scenarios , It can fully call and process from general logic and interfaces , To implement relevant business logic .

image-20210803141132589

Through the cooperation between the central cloud and the edge cloud , Different edge clouds can be based on different regions , To issue different configuration and control policies for different users , It can also make the edge cloud report different structured data , Complex processing of data through cloud edge cooperation 、 Analysis and policy control are handed over to a more powerful central cloud , And hand over the computing and services with high real-time requirements to the edge cloud for execution , Realize cloud side collaboration to provide computing power and data services for the whole vehicle road .

2.2 Advantages and value of the scheme

2.2.1 Program advantages

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4G+V2X In the plan , Industrial computer and cloud control center are used as the core computing power ,V2X and 4G As the transmission scheme of the network . And in the 5G+MEC+V2X In the plan , Then MEC As the core computing power ,V2X and 5G As a network transmission scheme .5G The scheme is compared to 4G The scheme is in delay 、 Security 、 Extensibility 、 reliability 、 Economy and other aspects are dominant .

( One ) Time delay

Delay includes the sum of network delay and system processing delay , among 5G The end-to-end network delay is 10ms about ,MEC In most applications, the computational delay is 40ms about , Complex applications will be in 70ms about , The overall delay of the system is 100ms within .

( Two ) Security

5G The air interface does not transmit any user permanent identification in clear text , And perform secondary authentication for users , Use safety anchor technology to identify “ Pseudo base station ” And refuse access , Core network UPF Local shunting can improve network isolation 5G Safety protection grade of private network vehicle networking application .

( 3、 ... and ) Extensibility

5G The edge cloud contains a perception fusion analysis platform for dynamic management of computing resources , And it can be expanded linearly , Support single intersection 、 Multi intersection and regional collaborative applications , And can track the target in the whole range 、 Record and analyze , This build is global 、 The entire 、 Holographic digital Lisheng intelligent traffic management .

( Four ) reliability

MEC The solution is in hardware 、 platform 、 Software and other multiple levels of implementation 1+N Level cold and hot backup , Realize high reliability of data and calculation .

( 5、 ... and ) economy

5G The scheme adopts the full empty port scheme to realize the convenient and fast construction of intersection reconstruction , Reduce industrial computers on the roadside , Reduce equipment costs , Besides 5G The network adopts private network mode instead of traffic billing mode , It can greatly reduce the overall construction and operation and maintenance costs of the system .

2.2.2. Application value

5G+MEC+V2X The vehicle interconnection scheme has shown great advantages in many aspects such as advanced technology and economic benefits, providing a template for the construction of the infrastructure of the Internet of vehicles , It is also the current pilot area 、 Demonstration area 、 The construction of demonstration road provides a reference .
5G+MEC+V2X The Internet of vehicles scheme can speed up the progress of commercial landing of the Internet of vehicles , Not only make full use of the power operators covering the whole country 5G The Internet , by 5G Vertical industry applications provide a good demonstration , It also laid a good foundation for the later national network , Both social and economic benefits are good .

2.3. Typical deployment scheme of roadside equipment

The roadside sensing device of the vehicle road coordination system of the Internet of vehicles includes a camera 、 Millimeter wave radar 、 Laser radar and other equipment 5G RSU/CPE Conduct data collection and pass 5G Network return . To avoid signal interference , Usually one point deployment 1 platform 5GRSU, Realize the intersection area PC5 signal communication , Other rod equipment and signals pass through 5GCPE Instead of realizing 5G Return function .

( One ) Typical deployment scenarios at intersections

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At the crossroads , In order to realize the all element perception of the target object in four directions , Usually deploy 4 Set of vehicle road cooperative sensing equipment . According to the actual situation , Select radar and camera , Install facing the incoming direction . The list of typical scene equipment is as follows :

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( Two ) Typical deployment scheme of T-junction

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At the big T-junction , In order to realize the full element perception of the target object in three directions , Need to deploy at least 3 Routine cooperative sensing device . According to the actual situation , selection 3 Group radar, camera and other equipment , Install facing the incoming direction . In the T-junction scene shown in the above figure , For targets in both north and south directions , Just deploy a set of sensing equipment on the north side of the road .

The typical equipment list is as follows :

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( 3、 ... and ) Typical deployment scheme of straight section

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On the straight section , Realize the full element perception of the target object in two directions , Need to deploy at least 2 Routine cooperative sensing device . According to the actual situation , selection 2 Group radar, camera and other equipment , Install facing the incoming direction . In the straight ahead scenario as shown in the figure above , For targets in both north and south directions , Just deploy a set of sensing equipment on the north side of the road .

The typical equipment list is as follows :

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2.4 The scheme supports application

2.4.1 End consumer oriented applications

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2.4.2 For enterprise applications

( One ) Emergency management platform docking

The block diagram of the docking system between the emergency management platform and the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles is shown in the figure below :

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Connect with the government emergency management center and commercial rescue platform through the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles , Classify emergencies in the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles , Some events are connected to the government emergency management center , Like a landslide , Some incidents are reported to the commercial rescue platform , Such as traffic accidents . Realize that the emergency management department or commercial rescue platform can immediately find major roadside traffic accidents or other emergencies , And know the details of the site , Timely and targeted implementation should respond to , Reduce the loss of life and property caused by accidents .

( Two ) High precision map acquisition

The docking system between the high-precision map platform and the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles is shown in the figure below :

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The vehicle road cooperative sensing equipment is deployed on the roadside , Continuous perception of road conditions , And analyze the road conditions through the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles . The high-precision map platform is connected with the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles , Obtain analysis results in real time , Such as road congestion 、 Road accidents 、 Dynamic but real-time hazard information with relatively low requirements , Timely push more abundant road information , Provide more accurate information services and travel suggestions for car owners . It can realize the real-time dynamic update of high-precision map , So that the driver can obtain real-time and accurate high-precision map information .

( 3、 ... and ) Commercial insurance platform docking

The docking system between the commercial security platform and the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles is shown in the figure below :

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Through the connection between the cloud control platform of the Internet of vehicles and the commercial insurance platform , Transfer traffic statistics to commercial insurance platforms , Such as accident rate 、 Average traffic density 、 Statistics of the number of vehicles of a certain type , It is helpful for the commercial insurance industry to adjust its model 、 Precision sales , At the same time, improve the response efficiency of insurance processing .

2.4.3 For government applications

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3. Commercial path analysis of Internet of vehicles

3.1 Growth analysis of Internet of vehicles

( One ) Industry growth analogy

Issued by the ministry of industry and information technology 《2019 Bulletin of statistics of the communications industry 》 in , Summarize the overall performance of China's communication industry . It can be seen that 4G End user growth or business revenue cycle , It is Zhou Qi who lags behind the large-scale network construction 2015 Year is 4G The peak of base station construction ,2019 The year ushered in the peak of customer and traffic use , The total lag time is 4 year .

at present , China's Internet of things has initially formed a complete industrial system , With certain technology 、 Industry and application foundation , However, the global Internet of things application is still in the early stage of development , The application of the Internet of things in the industry is gradually extensive and in-depth, and its application in the public market is beginning to appear ,M2M( Machine to machine communication )、 Car networking 、 Smart grid is a key application field with rapid development in the world in recent two years .

( Two ) Development trend of automobile industry

The automobile industry has developed for a hundred years , Experience change after change , Every change is to meet the changing needs of consumers 、 Upgrade requirements . The car gradually changed from “ Mechanical products equipped with electronic functions ” towards “ Electronic products equipped with mechanical functions ” shift , Become a large mobile intelligent internet terminal , All these rely on the intelligent and networked ability of the car .

With the increase of global car ownership , Traffic safety 、 Environmental pollution 、 Major issues such as energy supply are becoming increasingly obvious , The world is developing and safer 、 Efficient 、 Intelligent Internet connected vehicles for green travel , As an integral part of new urban intelligent transportation , A new integrated transportation system will be built in conjunction with the road . The trend of intelligent and networked automobile is obvious .

( 3、 ... and ) Intelligent development trend of road

With the development of urbanization and the popularity of cars , Increased traffic congestion and low traffic efficiency , Traffic accidents happen frequently , Poor safety measures , The traffic environment deteriorates and the function is single , The traffic problem has become a social problem perplexing the country .

Whether it's urban roads or highways , At present, the information infrastructure is simple and single , Only speed measurement 、 traffic lights 、 Camera and other simple functions , And the subsystems are isolated from each other , And the construction of the whole system is more based on the perspective of management , Instead of designing from the perspective of serving traffic . New intelligent transportation system is an effective way to solve traffic problems , Its basic feature is informatization , Its core technology is intelligence and networking , First of all, it is necessary to solve the problem of road intelligence and informatization . Realize the informatization of the whole transportation system through the networking of roads , Traffic informatization is the basis of intellectualization . The new intelligent transportation system needs to comprehensively solve the problem of road management 、 Traffic safety 、 Traffic efficiency 、 The problem of traffic informatization and intellectualization , And provide a basic operating environment for increasingly intelligent network connected vehicles . Therefore, the intellectualization of the whole road system should go first .

( Four ) Analysis of the industrial chain of the Internet of vehicles

at present , The Internet of vehicles industry chain mainly involves the vehicle end 、 roadside 、 And vehicle road coordination , It also involves multiple levels from the bottom chip to the upper application . The whole industry involves ICT All aspects of the industry , The depth and breadth are far beyond today's smartphone industry .

The whole involves chip and module manufacturers 、 Communication operators 、 Communication equipment manufacturer 、 Vehicle manufacturers and other participants , Each industrial chain link is based on C-V2X Our product R & D continues to advance , Some links have been basically mature ( Such as core chip / Research and development of modules and terminal products ).

Test and verification , from 2018 year “ Three span ”、 To 2019 year “ Four spans ”、 To 2020 year “ The new four spans ” On a large scale , from 20 More than participating units went to 100 More than participating units , It brings together upstream and downstream enterprises in the industrial chain , Jointly build a technical verification platform , oriented C-V2X Carry out the verification of innovative technologies and standards ,“ Four spans ” Has been set up as a single car smart + Networking provides an excellent test and verification platform for cross industry collaborative innovation , Formed a strong industry influence .

“ The new four spans ” Through cross industry 、 Large scale test demonstration , Further promotion C-V2X Industry related 、 module 、 terminal 、 Security 、 Map 、 Positioning and other enterprises' coordination and cross-border integration, and the construction of industrial ecosystem ; Developed high-precision map and positioning applications 、 Large scale operation 、CA platform 、 Cloud control platform 、 Exploration and verification of information security and other technologies , Accelerate the C-V2X Perfect technology , Accelerate the pace of large-scale business ; Including access layer 、 The network layer 、 Message layer 、 The security layer is all China C-V2X Standard agreement , Further promote the improvement of standards ; It has promoted international cooperation in the Internet of vehicles industry , Show China C-V2X Development concept and China's solution intelligent networked vehicle technology path , Promote the formation of global industrial consensus ; By opening the experience to ordinary consumers , Improve the user acceptance and recognition of automotive networking , Promote commercialization and promotion .

( 5、 ... and ) Analysis on the development trend of Internet of vehicles

2018 - 2020 year , The Chinese government has issued a number of policies , Promote the development of the Internet of vehicles industry . only 2020 In, the government issued 《 Smart car innovation and development strategy 》、《 About pushing 5G Notice to accelerate development 》、《 New energy automobile industry development plan (2021-2035 year )》 etc. 7 A guiding document . So far , The number of expressways planned by the national network is expected to be 24 strip , The demonstration area of the national planned network connection is expected to have 50 about .

According to the analysis of Guojin Securities Research Report :

(1) The Internet of vehicles is 5G The technology is the most mature 、 The widest space 、 One of the most complete application scenarios in the industry , Policy level , The development of the Internet of vehicles industry is driven by the will of the state , strategic 、 There are frequent policies at the three levels of technology path and system construction ; Technical level , Key communication technologies of Internet of vehicles C-V2X Growing mature , Positive progress has been made in all links from standardization to R & D industrialization and then to application demonstration ; At the industrial level , Technology giant 、 In depth layout of the three leading forces of vehicle manufacturers and cloud manufacturers , Automobile networking and vehicle road coordination have become the current focus , Industry accelerated to scale .

(2) In the medium and long term , The investment in vehicle road coordination accounts for% of the total scale of the Internet of vehicles 40% above , Core values highlight . According to the measured , Early stage of vehicle networking construction (2020-2025) The annual market space of main vehicle road coordination hardware equipment is up to 500 More than one hundred million yuan , among :1) Communication chip modules are expected to be the first in large quantities ,ABI Research Predict 2023 In, the global shipment of cellular communication module of Internet of vehicles will reach 1.5 Billion pieces ;2) Field of on-board unit , Judge that front loading integration is the general trend , To measure 2025 Years ago C-V2X The scale of vehicle terminal market is up to 196 One hundred million yuan ;3) Roadside unit area , It is expected that in the early stage, it will mainly cover expressways and urban intersections , It is estimated that the annual investment scale is about 118 One hundred million yuan ;4) Network and computing equipment , It is estimated that the total amount of base station investment is about 58 One hundred million yuan , The annual launch scale of edge computing server is about 220 One hundred million yuan .

3.2. Investment income analysis of Internet of vehicles

vehicle 、 road 、 network 、 The costs associated with the cloud are divided into hardware facilities 、 Cloud infrastructure 、 Construction and operation, etc 4 Two categories: .
1) Hardware facilities : Including roadside sensor equipment 、RSU/OBU Communication units such as terminal equipment 、 Roadside sensing equipment, etc ;
2) Cloud infrastructure : Computing server 、 Storage server 、V2X Fusion computing platform 、 Internet of vehicles cloud control platform 、 Internet of vehicles application services ;
3) The construction of the : Installation and construction of vehicle networking equipment , Including installation and construction of roadside equipment 、 Transformation of vehicle end equipment ;
4) operating : Daily operation and maintenance of equipment .

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After preliminary calculation , In the early stage of construction, the cost of relevant hardware will remain high , The second is the cost of cloud infrastructure , The construction and civil engineering costs will be gradually reduced with the progress of the project , The operation cost will become the second largest investment expenditure with the completion of the network . The relevant input is expected to be in 2 There will be great changes in years .

The relevant income analysis is shown in the table below :

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3.3. Forecast for the follow-up development of the Internet of vehicles

Review the past , Each emerging industry has experienced a long development process . We believe that the Internet of vehicles industry is expected to go through three stages : The foundation is laid regularly , Collaborative development period , Industrial cultivation period .

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( One ) The foundation is laid regularly

The foundation is laid regularly, and it is suggested that the government should lead the planning of tractor networking 、 Construction and investment , Support industrial development , Especially in the early stage, the government has inherent advantages , Mainly reflected in :

1) Coordination advantages , In the process of construction , Need traffic control 、 Gongxin 、 traffic 、 Urban management and other departments cooperate , It is difficult for an enterprise to coordinate many departments , And it is easy to cause repeated construction , Therefore, the government needs to take the lead ;

2) Normative advantages , In the process of construction and operation , Various technical specifications can be gradually formed , To guide the healthy and orderly development of the industrial chain , Form an open industrial ecological chain ;

3) Capital advantage , The government can ensure stable capital investment in the early stage through infrastructure investment , Realize the scale construction and continuous improvement of the Internet of vehicles ;

4) Operational advantages , In promoting early commercial applications , With government credit guarantee , Industry customers and individual users are more willing to use .

( Two ) Collaborative development period

In the period of coordinated development , Applications are gradually enriched , Data accumulated gradually , Will breed a new business model . The arrival of the collaborative exhibition period means that the networking technology scheme and industrial ecology are becoming more and more mature , The business model is becoming more and more clear , The dividing point between it and the foundation period is the intersection and inflection point of input and output , It is very important for the Internet of vehicles industry .

( 3、 ... and ) Industrial cultivation period

Enter the industrial cultivation period , Data and applications have been greatly enriched , The participation weight of individual consumers has greatly increased , oriented toC A large number of enterprises and applications will emerge , The business model is maturing , The Internet of vehicles industry will enter a benign development stage .

3.4 Internet of vehicles business model

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In person - vehicle - road - network - In the overall solution of the cloud , A large amount of real-time information on the roadside and vehicle end forms structured data through the fusion perception of edge cloud , The edge cloud is stored in the road network operation center through the north interface .

These structured data are easy to store, extract and analyze , Draw a picture of the traffic situation . At the same time, the data is transferred to 、 analysis 、 After cleaning and other treatment , Open to the public 、 Government and commercial companies , To dig out greater business value . Therefore, the core competitiveness of the Internet of vehicles operators in the future is the core data of the operation , Through the secondary or multiple utilization of data , Realize value upgrading .

4. Internet of vehicles industry outlook

Urban roads and highways connect the interior of the city and between the cities , Its intelligent vehicle networking construction can promote the development of smart city , It not only provides more efficient physical channels for transportation , It also forms the number of road traffic
With access .
In the early days of construction , To provide information services 、 Safety guarantee 、 Internet of vehicles technology for application services such as efficiency improvement and automatic driving , It will greatly enhance the wisdom of the transportation industry , Promote the construction of smart cities , And then promote the economic development of the plenary session . With 5G+MEC+V2X The coverage of the scheme in urban roads is gradually expanded , The edge cloud computing platform takes advantage of the openness of its platform 、 Data aggregation 、 Coverage and other advantages , It can be deployed to every corner of the city along with the road , Provide connection and computing power for relevant applications of smart city , Provide greater help for the development of urban digital economy .

List of abbreviations

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