Netease automotive industry 2021-08-12 15:33:51 阅读数:474
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In recent days, , The Ministry of industry and information technology issued 《 Opinions on strengthening the management of intelligent networked automobile production enterprises and product access 》, It is required to strengthen vehicle data security 、 Network security 、 Software upgrade 、 Functional safety and expected functional safety management , Ensure product quality and production consistency , Promote the high-quality development of intelligent networked automobile industry .《 opinion 》 From strengthening data and network security management 、 Standardize software online upgrade 、 Strengthen product management 、 Safeguard measures, etc 11 Specific comments .
The specific opinions are as follows ：
The provinces 、 Autonomous region 、 The industry and Information Department of the municipality directly under the central government and Xinjiang production and Construction Corps , The provinces 、 Autonomous region 、 Communications administration of the municipality directly under the central government , About automobile manufacturers ：
In order to strengthen the management of intelligent networked automobile production enterprises and product access , Safeguarding citizens' lives 、 Property safety and public safety , Promote the healthy and sustainable development of intelligent networked automobile industry , according to 《 The Chinese Road Traffic Safety Law of the people's Republic of China 》《 Network security law of the people's Republic of China 》《 Data security law of the people's Republic of China 》《 Administrative measures for access of road motor vehicle manufacturers and products 》 And so on , Make the following comments .
One 、 General requirements
We must adhere to Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with China's characteristics in the new era , Thoroughly implement the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the second Central Committee of the 19th CPC 、 Third middle school 、 No.4 Middle School 、 The spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee , Implementation is based on the new development stage 、 Implement the new development idea 、 Building a new development pattern 、 Requirements for promoting high-quality development , Main responsibility of compaction enterprise , Enhance vehicle data security 、 Network security 、 Software upgrade 、 Functional safety and expected functional safety management , Ensure product quality and production consistency , Promote the high-quality development of intelligent networked automobile industry .
Two 、 Strengthen data and network security management
（ One ） Strengthen the ability of data security management . The enterprise shall establish and improve the automobile data security management system , Fulfill the obligation of data security protection according to law , Clarify the responsible department and person in charge . Establish data asset management account , Implement data classification and hierarchical management , Strengthen the protection of personal information and important data . Build technical measures for data security protection , Ensure that data is continuously in a state of effective protection and legal utilization , Implement data security risk assessment in accordance with laws and regulations 、 Data security incident reporting and other requirements . Personal information and important data collected and generated during operation within the territory of the people's Republic of China shall be stored in the territory in accordance with relevant laws and regulations . Need to provide data to overseas , It should pass the data exit security assessment .
（ Two ） Strengthen the ability of network security . Enterprises should Establish automobile network security management system , Implement the network security level protection system and the real name registration management requirements of the car network card according to law , Clarify the responsible department and person in charge of network security . Have the ability to protect the automotive electronic and electrical system 、 Technical measures to protect components and functions from network threats , Have the ability of automobile network security risk monitoring 、 Technical conditions for discovery and disposal of network security defects and vulnerabilities , Ensure that the vehicle and its functions are protected , Ensure the safe operation of vehicles . Implement the reporting and handling requirements of network security incidents in accordance with laws and regulations .
3、 ... and 、 Standardize software online upgrade
（ 3、 ... and ） Strengthen enterprise management ability . Enterprise production With online upgrade （ also called OTA upgrade ） Functional automotive products , The management ability suitable for automobile products and upgrading activities shall be established , With online upgrade safety impact assessment 、 Test verification 、 Implementation process assurance 、 Ability to record information , Ensure that the vehicle is in a safe state when upgrading online , And inform the vehicle user of the purpose of online upgrading 、 Content 、 How long does it take 、 matters needing attention 、 Upgrade results and other information .
（ Four ） Ensure product production consistency . Before enterprises implement online upgrading activities , It shall ensure that the automotive products comply with national laws and regulations 、 Relevant requirements such as technical standards and technical specifications shall be filed with the Ministry of industry and information technology , It's about safety 、 Energy saving 、 Environmental protection 、 Changes in technical parameters such as anti-theft shall be reported to the Ministry of industry and information technology in advance , Ensure the production consistency of automobile products . Without approval , It is not allowed to add or update the auto driving function through online software upgrade .
Four 、 Strengthen product management
（ 5、 ... and ） Strictly perform the obligation of disclosure . Enterprises produce automobile products with driving assistance and automatic driving functions , Vehicle function and performance limits shall be clearly informed 、 Driver responsibilities 、 Human computer interaction device indication information 、 Function activation and exit methods and conditions .
（ 6、 ... and ） Strengthen the safety management of combined driving assistance products . Enterprises produce automobile products with combined driving assistance function , Technical measures such as off hand detection shall be taken , Ensure that the driver is always performing the corresponding dynamic driving tasks . Combined driving assistance function refers to the driving automation system under its designed operating conditions , Continuously perform vehicle lateral and longitudinal motion control , And have corresponding target and event detection and response capabilities .
（ 7、 ... and ） Strengthen the automatic driving function and product safety management . Enterprises produce auto products with automatic driving function , It shall be ensured that automotive products meet at least the following requirements ：
1. It should be able to automatically identify the failure of the automatic driving system and whether it will continue to meet the design and operation conditions , And can take risk mitigation measures to achieve the minimum risk state .
2. It shall have human-computer interaction function , Displays the operation state of the autopilot system . The driver is required to perform dynamic driving tasks under specific conditions , It shall have the function of identifying the driver's ability to perform dynamic driving tasks . The vehicle shall be able to reasonably use the light signal according to laws and regulations 、 Interact with other road users by means of sound, etc .
3. It shall have event data recording system and automatic driving data recording system , Meet relevant functions 、 Performance and safety requirements , For accident reconstruction 、 Responsibility judgment and cause analysis, etc . among , The data recorded by the automatic driving data recording system shall include the basic information of the vehicle and the system 、 Vehicle status and dynamic information 、 Autopilot system operation information 、 Driving environment information 、 Operation and status information of drivers and passengers 、 Fault information, etc .
4. Functional safety requirements shall be met 、 Expected functional safety 、 Network security and other process guarantee requirements , And simulation 、 Closed site 、 Actual road 、 Network security 、 Software upgrade 、 Data recording and other test requirements , Avoid foreseeable and preventable safety accidents within the design operating conditions of the vehicle .
（ 8、 ... and ） Ensure reliable spatio-temporal information services . The enterprise shall ensure that the automobile products are safe 、 Reliable satellite positioning and timing function , Can effectively provide location 、 Speed 、 Time and other information , And shall meet relevant requirements , Encourage and support the reception of signals from Beidou satellite navigation system .
5、 ... and 、 Safeguards
（ Nine ） Establish a self inspection mechanism . Enterprises should strengthen self-examination , Find production 、 Data security exists in the automobile products sold 、 Network security 、 Online upgrade security 、 Serious problems such as driving assistance and automatic driving safety , The production of relevant products shall be stopped immediately according to law and regulations 、 sales , Take measures for rectification , And timely report to the Ministry of industry and information technology and local industry and information technology 、 Report to the competent Telecommunications Authority .
（ Ten ） Strengthen supervision and implementation . The Ministry of industry and information technology shall guide relevant institutions to do a good job in the technical review of intelligent networked automobile production enterprises and product access . Local industry and informatization 、 The competent telecommunications department shall cooperate with relevant departments , according to 《 Administrative measures for access of road motor vehicle manufacturers and products 》 The relevant requirements , Supervise and inspect the implementation of these opinions .
（ 11、 ... and ） Tamping foundation capacity . The Ministry of industry and information technology will work with relevant local departments 、 Relevant enterprises further improve the construction of intelligent networked vehicle standard system , Accelerate the promotion of automotive data security 、 Network security 、 Online upgrade 、 Driving AIDS 、 Preparation and revision of standards and specifications such as automatic driving . Third party service institutions and enterprises are encouraged to strengthen the capacity-building of relevant testing, verification and inspection , Continuously improve relevant technologies and network security of intelligent networked vehicles 、 Data security level .
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